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- SAN JOSE - (N24° 55.46 W80° 28.53) one of the 1733 Spanish Galleon Fleet that was struck by a hurricane as it struggled up the Florida Coast, off present day Marathon. The San Jose was carrying almost 7 million pesos in gold when she sank, and was salvaged by both Spanish and modern day salvors. Due to the archaic methods of the early, salvors and the scattered remains found by modern salvors, it appears the treasure will never run dry for the weekend potluck hunters of today. The ballast pile is in 35 feet of water but largely covered by sand, although the conditions are usually clear. Most recoveries were made directly S. of the wreck-site, but the area to the N. of the wreck has been largely unexplored, and the backside of the hurricane that hit this fleet (moving west) was driving survivors and remnants of the ship due north. For the pot-hunter, the northern sand patches and areas next to reefs may pay off with recoveries of passenger's personal items.
- HERRERA - another of the 1733 Galleon Fleet wrecks, this ship is also known as the "figurine" wreck due to the hundreds of animal figurines found on the site. Even though this site has been heavily worked, it still produces figurines for the potluck hunter willing to work the sand patch to the Northeast of the ballast pile. These figurines must be preserved or they will crumble shortly after recovery! Soaking the figurine in distilled water for two years removes the salt, at which time a thinned (with water) layer of Elmers Glue All is applied, after the outside surface dries, to keep the figurine from cracking. Figurines from this wreck are almost 300 years old, please don't bring them up if you're not prepared to preserve them!
- SLOBDONA - (N25° 01 W80° 38) an Austrian sailing vessel that sank just south and shoreward of the Molasses Reef Tower in 1887, is not valuable for the wreck itself, but for the objects left behind by divers that visit! The wreckage lies in a large sand patch, and is composed of rigging and scattered iron pieces.
- ANCHOR SITE -- (N25° 01 W80° 38) A large Spanish anchor is located 14' east of Marker 21 on Molassas Reef. Visitors often drop jewelry into the sands beneath the popular anchor site, at buoy 21.
- SAN PEDRO - (N24° 51.90' W80° 40.72') This ship was part of the 1733 Galleon Fleet sunk in a hurricane. The wreck location is 1.25 nautical miles off Lower Matecumbe Key and 1 nautical mile off Indian Key. The site is well buoyed by the State, easily spotted once past Indian Key, and is visited by hundreds of boats from Marathon and elsewhere each year. Protected as part of Florida's Underwater Park System the ship itself is off limits to salvors, but the pot hunter is mainly concerned with the fact that survivors of the ship swam 1 nautical mile to Indian Key. Hundreds of Spaniards, many heavily weighted with smuggled gold and emeralds, undoubtedly dropped their personal fortunes all along that harrowing route. I believe a line drawn from the shipwreck to the key, and 50 yards to either side, would outline a rewarding area to search, as the professional salvage companies had no time for small scale searching, and the Spanish salvors were unconcerned with personal losses. There are many bare sand patches in a line from the wreck to the key, and any of these could yield a fortune in gold and emerald jewelry!
- ANGUSTIAS - (N24° 47.27 W80° 51.52) was a source of major treasure recoveries when initially salvaged in the early 1970's. Part of the 1733 treasure fleet that deposited 20,000,000 pesos of silver and gold (Weller, 91), along the Florida reefs, this wreck's crew and passengers swam for nearby Long Key, with many losing their lives. After extensive salvage by both Spanish and modern day treasure hunters, it would seem the prudent hunter would draw a line from the wreck directly north to Long Key Bridge and search the areas 50 yards to either side of the line. My reasoning is: this was the route survivors had to swim due to the prevailing current of the channel at the time the ship sunk. The account of a survivor of the wreck details his saving, by floating on wreckage towards Long Key, so the current must have been favorable to drift near the key. If it had been otherwise, with the backside hurricane winds blowing against the tidal currents running under Long Key Bridge, the extremely steep seas created would have insured there would be no survivors at all. Either a few of the passengers (or their remains) deposited gold on the south end of Long Key, or the salvage camp for this ship was located on the south shore, as metal detector users occasionally find 1733 coins here. Of these two possibilities, I believe the latter. Diving conditions on the Angustias are spotty. Silt frequently dims visibility when the current is from the Long Key Bridge, and the ballast is infested with eels and frequented by sharks. By hunting the areas away from the wreck, some of these problems can be eliminated.
- TODD'S WRECK SITE -- (N25° 24.70 W80° 10.64) in 1990 Todd Rickards and I were fishing off Petrel Point on Elliot Key. I had my dive equipment along but wasn't feeling well, so Todd asked if he could use it to snorkel about. No sooner had he hit the water than he yelled back that we were over a wreck! All of a sudden I felt a whole lot better. I don't know if this could be the wreck of the cargo ship transporting Union supplies or not, but whoever they were, they sank with a full complement of dishware, crockery, bottles etc. In general, the upper keys off Elliot Key are not much explored, which I find strange since it is much clearer water than anywhere else in the Keys. Perhaps people don't think they've been to the keys unless they go on the overseas highway, I don't know, but it is superior diving off Elliot Key, and there are virgin wrecks yet to find!
- 1733 FLEET WRECK: EL POPULO -- (N25° 21.85, W80° 09.690) State site file #8MO147. What you'll find here is scattered ballast and some timbers. There was one Pillar Dollar recorded as being found on the wreck, along with cannon and personal artifacts. There is some contention amongst treasure hunters that this might be the advice boat of the 1733 fleet, and the Populo is further towards Caesar's Creek.
- 1733 FLEET WRECK: EL INFANTE -- (N24° 56.57 W80° 28.58) was one of the two major treasure galleons of the ill fated 1733 fleet. The ship was built in 1724, was 326 tons and carried 40 cannon. Art McKee was the first diver to salvage the wreck and worked it for over 20 years. Even so, much remains, as its shallow location resulted in wave action dispersing the treasure far from the site. Almost any reef within reasonable distance will trap coins from this ship. Going out of Key Largo Harbor to Little Conch Reef will get you reasonably close to the co-ordinates (ship actually on Fire Coral Shoal). There is a huge ballast pile in 12 feet of water, so snorkelers can have fun here too.
SHIPWRECKS FROM ADMIRALTY FINAL RECORD BOOK
FOR U.S. DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF FLORIDA, volume 2-19, microfilm number 1360, roll 2 - 19, any number following a listing is the actual account number in the reel, so you can trace the information also. This information was boiled out of an index of all ship mishaps compiled by Tom Hambright, of the Monroe County Public Library, Key West, Florida, in 1988.
There are many shipwreck books on the market with lists of ships taken from the admiralty records; however, what is not commonly included (in fact, I have never seen it included) are facts from the records on what the disposition of the ship was after it wrecked. In the admiralty records themselves, is listed right after the wreck the disposition, and roughly 85% were refloated, broken up for scrap, or completely salvaged. So, out of the average shipwreck book's list of losses, toss away 85% of the wrecks listed, and you have about the number actually on the bottom.
In the list that follows, are only wrecks that were lost, so if you look for one, at least you have a shot at finding something. Where coordinates are given, they are for the reef where the ship was lost.
- SYLPHIDE: lost 21 Dec. 1850 on Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas.
- TAGLIONI: lost April 7, 1848, Carysfort Reef, passengers & assorted cargo aboard. (N25° 13.30 W82° 12.70)
- TARTAR: brigantine, lost January 4, 1855 on East Key, Dry Tortugas with a cargo of rice.
- TELUMAK: lost November 18, 1845 on Biscayne Reef, with assorted cargo aboard from Liverpool.
- TENNFAUTE: brigantine, lost February 18, 1839 at Boca Raton, with cotton and cigars aboard.
- VICTOR: lost November 20, 1872 at Jupiter inlet with assorted cargo aboard from New York.
- TILAMON: lost January 12, 1852 on Delta Shoals with assorted cargo from New York.
- THOMAS de RESA: bark, lost October 6, 1870 on Turtle Reef with a cargo of staves.
- TONAWANDA: steamer, lost March 29, 1866 on Elbow Reef. (N25° 08.61 W80° 15.79)
- THALES: bark, lost January 17, 1859 in the Hillsborough River with a cargo of wine, brandy, and lumber. If this wreck is found, I would like to have one of the bottles, please.
- THREE SISTERS: brigantine, lost October 13, 1870 on Cape Florida (Key Biscayne) with a cargo of lumber from Nova Scotia.
- TIGER: brigantine, lost February 18, 1860 on Eastern Sandbores.
- ZOTOF: ship, lost December 15, 1844 on Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas with cotton, flour, lead, and sugar from New Orleans aboard.
- SOUTH AMERICAN: bark, lost September 5, 1900 on French Reef with a cargo of Mahogany aboard.
- SPARKLING SEA: ship, lost January 8, 1863 on Ajax Reef with troops and supplies from Fort Monroe aboard. This would be a good one to find! (N25° 24.69 W80° 07.61)
- St. JAMES: ship, lost November 16, 1871 on Conch Reef with a load of railroad iron.
- WILLIAM M JONES: schooner, lost January 24, 1877 on Polaski Shoal, Dry Tortugas with sugar, rice, and syrup aboard.
- WOODSIDE: ship, lost December 31, 1852 on Ledbury Reef with timber aboard. (N25° 32.79 W80° 06.06)
- YUCATAN: brigantine, lost April 20, 1847 on French Reef with a cargo of cotton, lard, pork, and flour aboard.
- WESTERN EMPIRE: ship, lost November 3, 1875 in the Indian River. 6460.11 11 376
- SCANDINAVIA: brigantine, lost March 18, 1867 on Conch Reef with a load of timber. 1281.79 10 308.
- SEA LARK: brigantine, lost November 08, 1865 at Spanish Harbor. 1841.16 10 99.
- SEA SIDE: brigantine, lost November 13, 1879 off Sand Key near Key West. 400.00 12 676.
- WALTHAM: bark, lost October 23, 1865 at Matecumbe Key, with a cargo of cotton, wool, and hides. 18196.01 10 66.
- WANDERING CHIEF: bark, lost September 24, 1884 on Elbow Reef. 1597.50 16 44. (N25° 08.61 W80° 15.79)
- SARAH ANN: schooner, from Charleston bound for Mobile, lost September 6, 1837 on Sombrero Reef. 574.91 2 91.
- SAXONY: ship, lost April 18, 1854, 50 miles N of Cape Florida with a cargo of white pine aboard. 921.58 5 258.
- ROSALINA: brigantine, lost June 28, 1837 on Pickles Reef with a cargo of Jamaica London Rum, sugar, and mahogany aboard. 2577.84 2 30. Please send us a bottle of the rum!
- RUDOLPH GRONING: brigantine, from New York to Apalachicola with assorted cargo aboard, lost June 01, 1843, on Southwest Reef, Dry Tortugas. This shipwreck could have many personal effects of wealthy Tallahassee families, or war cargo from the 3rd Seminole War aboard! 9530.32 3 160.
- GUTENBERG: bark, lost December 15, 1885 at Bird Key, Dry Tortugas, with a cargo of cotton, cottonseed, and staves aboard. 20702.26 13 579.
- RIVER SMITH: lost February 9, 1858, at Carysfort Reef with a load of salt aboard. 1046.37 6 45. (N25° 13.30 W80° 12.70)
- ROBERT MORRIS: bark, lost July 21, 1853 on Pelican Shoals with a cargo of sugar aboard. 2531.24 5 91.
- GEORGE P. SLOATE: lost December 27, 1855 at Charlotte Harbor with a load of brick aboard. 798.91 5 435.
- GLAMO: bark, lost June 1, 1905 on Marquesas Reef with a cargo of staves. 7696.58 19 60.
- RELAMPAGO: schooner, lost February 16, 1849, at Key West. She carried 246 New Orleans to San Francisco passengers that had paid $125.00 for fare. There may be much more money aboard, and numismatic values being what they are, this could be a good wreck to find!
- Rienri: ship, lost May 15, 1845 on Pickles Reef, bound from New York to New Orleans with an assorted cargo aboard. Any ship with "assorted cargo" aboard stands the chance of being a very good find, as "assorted" was usually code word for contraband, military cargo, personal belongings, or individual items suitable for sale. 617.38 3 240.
- RINGOLD: schooner, lost October 23, 1865 in the Northwest Channel with red cedar aboard. Bound from Chassahowitzka River to New York.
- FRANCIS ASHBY: brigantine, lost January 20, 1843 on Loggerhead Key (American Shoals) with a cargo of coffee, honey, and tobacco aboard. 573.00 3 125.
- FRANKLIN: brigantine, lost May 13, 1861 on Conch Reef with a load of sugar aboard. 2049.34 7 633.
- PILITA: brigantine, lost May 2, 1851 on Carysfort Reef with sugar and coca aboard. Ship was found with no crew aboard (doo doo dee doo!). 2492.93 4 511. (N25° 13.30 W80° 12.70)
- PRAIRIE BIRD: bark, lost June 16, 1875 at Key West with a cargo of cotton aboard. 14000.00 12 78.
- FOLOMER: bark, lost March 2, 1881 on Southwest Reef, Dry Tortugas, with cotton aboard. 6384.37 13 65.
- FRANCES: ship, lost April 3, 1856 on Dog Rocks with ice aboard. 461.20 5 516.
- PEQUOT: schooner, lost January 21 1842 on Washerwoman Shoals with tobacco, beef, and pork aboard. 442.18 3 84.
- PETRUS: brigantine, lost April 28, 1848 on Sombrero Reef. Money aboard saved by crew (a curious notation), no further salvage. 4500.80 4 126.
- PILGRAM: brigantine, lost November 17, 1843 on Bush Key, Dry Tortugas, with whiskey, molasses, and lead aboard. The free blown whiskey bottles of this era could be worth considerable money today! 6149.53 3 186.
- FERONIA: bark, lost September 9, 1845 on Conch Reef with sugar and Jamaican Rum aboard. See the above notation! 3200.00 4 227.
- PACIFIC: bark, lost July 24 1857 on East Key, Dry Tortugas with assorted cargo aboard. Could be a valuable find, see above notations about assorted cargoes. 9937.95 6 1.
- PATRIARCA SAN JOSE: brigantine, lost November 1, 1870 on Pickles Reef with furniture, hides, coffee, and other cargo aboard. 1816.74 11 72.
- PEE DEE: schooner, lost November 4, 1837 at Biscayne Key with iron and coffee aboard. 1384.86 2 107.
- EVANDALE: ship, lost February 19, 1875 on French Reef with lumber aboard. 880.86 12 1.
- EXCELSIOR: bark, lost May 23, 1880 on Grecian Shoals with sugar aboard. 1386.14 13 1.
- EXPORT: brigantine, lost September 9, 1838 at Caesar's Creek with sugar aboard. This would be good wreck to dive, since the Bayfront Park boat ramps are opposite Caesar's Creek (Homestead, Fl., just N. of the Turkey Point power plant.) 1990.72 2 184. (N25° 23.17 W80° 13.68)
- F. A. EVERETT: bark, lost January 8, 1853 on American Shoals. From Boston to New Orleans with assorted cargo aboard. Could be a valuable find! See other listings about "assorted." 9995.44 4 617.
- ORACLE: bark, lost July 4, 1867 on Conch Reef with a load of mahogany aboard. 1391.93 10 362.
- OSWINGO: ship, lost November 20, 1865 3/4 mile from Key West with coal aboard. 739.18 10 130.
- ENERGIA: bark, lost December 30, 1877 on Molasses Reef with a cargo of grain aboard. 799.21 12 449.
- ENTERPRISE: schooner, lost July 11, 1859 at Jupiter inlet. Found with no crew aboard. 1/2FS 6 352.
- EARL KING: ship, lost December 15, 1891 at Caesar's Creek with assorted cargo aboard. Could be valuable to find! See other listings about assorted cargoes! 2931.05 15 246. (N25° 23.17 W80° 13.68)
- NORDYYN: bark, lost September 16, 1875 at Vacas Key with mahogany aboard. 463.84 12 103.
- NORTH: brigantine, lost 65 miles N. of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne) with 1021 bales of cotton aboard (a bale weighed over a ton). 1515.81 6 44.
- NORTH AMERICA: ship, lost November 25, 1842 on Delta Shoals with dry goods and furniture aboard. 2257.44 3 103.
- NORTHAMPTON: ship, lost May 24, 1883 on Molasses Reef with cotton and staves aboard. 19285.61 13 346.
- ELIZABETH BRUCE: ship, lost January 11, 1854 on Elbow Reef with crockery, ironware, and other kitchenware aboard. From Liverpool to Mobile. Some of the crockery could prove valuable. 3387.73 5 155. (N25° 08.65' W80° 15.77) (N25° 08.68 W80° 15.47)
- ELIZABETH ELLEN: ship, lost December 3, 1859 45 miles N. of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne). 14525.63 6 454.
- EMIGRANT: bark, lost August 22, 1856 on Alligator Reef with cotton and oak plank aboard. 13863.26 5 622.
- NEWARK: ship, lost June 6, 1845 on Pickles Reef with cotton aboard. 4604.04 3 259.
- NEW YORK: schooner, lost May 4, 1842 on Northwest Reef, Dry Tortugas with molasses aboard. 929.45 3 57.
- NOR' WESTER: ship, lost February 23, 1873 at Key West with cotton aboard. 26837.96 11 405.
- ELENORA: ship, lost July 2, 1885 on Southwest Reef, Dry Tortugas, with lumber aboard. 217.75 13 548.
- ELIZA MALLORY: ship, lost November 4, 1859, 65 miles N. of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne) with 4923 bales of cotton aboard. 16788.92 6 420.
- ELIZABETH: schooner, lost June 12, 1847 on Florida Reef with honey and lignumvitae aboard. 984.45 4 41.
- ADELAYDA: schooner, lost March 26, 1863 on Elbow Reef with Dry Goods aboard. 7713.00 8 157. (N25° 08.64 W80° 15.77) (N25° 08.68 W80° 15.47)
- HELEN E. BOOKER: ship, lost May 1, 1857 on Carysfort Reef with railroad iron aboard. 21050.17 5 703. (N25° 13.30 W80° 12.70)
- HENRY J.MAY: schooner, lost February 14, 1877 on Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas with syrup aboard. 6599.50 12 318.
- HERALD: brigantine, lost December 6, 1842 on Ledbury Reef with copper aboard. 1/3 c 3 119. (N25° 32.79 W80° 06.06)
- HEBRUS: brigantine, lost March 10, 1838 on Pickles Reef with coffee and sugar aboard. 1403.00 2 167.
- AGAMEMNON: ship, lost February 12, 1853 on Yucatan Reef with flour, lard, and staves aboard. 10872.64 6 52.
- HORACE: bark, lost December 2, 1860 on Pickles Reef with lumber aboard. 576.87 6 574.
- HYDER ALLY: schooner, lost September 15, 1838 on Marquesas Key Shoals with a cargo of coffee, sugar, and cigars. 3000.00 2 189.
- INDIAN HUNTER: ship, lost June 25, 1850 on French Reef, with 3,750 bales of cotton aboard. 33852.62 6 323.
- INDUSTRY: schooner, lost September 13, 1837, 45 miles north of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne). 5408.90 2 75.
- ALICIA: ship, lost April 25, 1905 on Long Reef with assorted goods from Liverpool aboard. This could be a valuable find. 17690.80 19 95. (N25° 25.42 W80° 07.50)
- AMAZON: bark, lost March 14, 1872 on Dry Rocks with a cargo of cotton. 10673.58 11 208.
- ISABEL: bark, lost March 11, 1866 on Triumph Reef with a cargo of rum, sugar, ginger, and hides aboard. 7561.33 10 208. (N25° 28.60 W80° 06.73)
- ISABELLA REED: barge, lost February 14, 1850 on Conch Reef, sending molasses, whiskey, sugar, and rope to the bottom. The whiskey bottles could be worth considerable money today! 2980.00 4 427.
- ISLAND HOME: bark, lost January 25, 1882 in the Marquesas Keys with lumber aboard. 808.95 13 143.
- ANGELA: brigantine, lost January 7, 1866 on Agamemnon Reef, 95 miles East of Key West, with cotton, hides, dyewood, and other goods aboard. 5276.63 10 171.
- JAMES W. LAURANCE: schooner, lost November 1, 1865 at the Middle Sand Bores, with assorted cargo aboard. This could be a valuable find, for the "assorted" reasons listed above. 3148.88 10 50.
- ANNA M. STAMMER: schooner, lost December 6, 1863 on Duck Key with a cargo of lumber. 1418.21 19 174.
- ANNIE BALDWIN: bark, lost April 16, 1865 on Conch Reef. 734.59 8 672.
- JANE ROSS: bark, lost December 5, 1867, 45 miles north of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne) with a cargo of sugar, molasses, and asphaltum aboard.
- JOHN WESLEY: bark, lost November 3, 1865, 20 miles north of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne) with a cargo of 1460 bales of cotton.
- AQUILLA: brigantine, lost March 16, 1871 on French Reef with a cargo of sugar. 4196.67 11 88.
- JOSEPH BAKER: bark, lost January 13, 1891, on North Key, Dry Tortugas, with a cargo of syrup and rice. 6104.91 15 90.
- JOSEPH MEIGS: ship, lost July 14, 1863 on Foy (Fowey?) Rocks with Government Stores aboard. This could be a valuable find. 1725.40 8 314.
- ATHALIA: schooner, lost September 10, 1854 on Western Dry Rocks (sounds like a Tortugas location) bound from New York for Apalachicola with an assorted cargo aboard. This could be a valuable find. Look through the listings for "assorted." 11992.39 5 289.
- ATHENAIS: ship, lost March 15, 1876 on the Quicksands (Marquesas). 284.26 12 166.
- ATLANTIC: brigantine, lost April 6, 1865 on East Key, Dry Tortugas, with a cargo of coal aboard. 850.00 8 664.
- AURORA: bark, lost February 2, 1879 on Southwest Key, Dry Tortugas with lumber aboard. 18.95 12 616.
- L.W. MAXWELL: brigantine, lost September 24, 1854 on Eastern Dry Rocks with mahogany and cedar aboard. 1510.50 5 270.
- LADY FRANKLIN: bark, lost May 25, 1862, on French Reef with Jamaican rum, sugar, honey, and logwood aboard. 3735.21 7 863.
- BEN CUSHING: barge, lost February 22, 1862, on French reef with a cargo of molasses and cigars. 380.00 7 723.
- BREWSTER: ship, lost March 16, 1848, on Fowey Rock with cotton, hemp, lard, and sugar as cargo. 4098.23 4 111. (N25° 35.45 W80° 05.80)
- LET HER BE: brigantine, lost October 26, 1867 at Caesar's Creek (opposite Homestead AFB), with a cargo of nails. 791.18 10 385. Most ships actually wrecked on Caesar Creek Bank (N25° 22.71 W80° 12.87). (N25° 23.17 W80° 13.68 is the creek)
- CANTON: ship, lost November 3, 1848, on Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, with a load of cotton and flour aboard. 6286.30 4 191.
- CARAQUENA: bark, lost November 5, 1858 at the Sandbores, with mahogany, logwood, and hides aboard. 1723.27 6 219.
- LONDON: bark, lost December 27, 1892 at the Quicksands with a cargo of lumber. 524.61 15 430.
- CARMALITE COMPOSITE: bark, lost October 16, 1893 at Bird Key, Dry Tortugas in ballast. Possible money to buy return cargo aboard. 446.92 15 542.
- CAROLINE NESMITH: ship, lost October 23, 1865 on Carysfort Reef with 2500 bales of cotton aboard. 60565.89 10 113. (N25° 13.30 W80° 12.70)
- IVANISSIVECK: bark, lost January 31, 1889 at the Quicksands. 234.16 14 586.
- CERRO GORDO: ship, lost October 13, 1860 at Loggerhead Reef, Dry Tortugas, with a load of cotton. 1733.60 6 529.
- CHARLES CROOKER: ship, lost November 7, 1859, 40 miles north of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne). 19286.13 6 410.
- CHARLES FIFTH: brigantine, lost December 7, 1842 on Carysfort Reef with sugar, cigars, and tobacco aboard. 2396.35 3 113. (N25° 13.30 W80° 12.70)
- CIMBUS: brigantine, lost March 17, 1853 on Western Dry Rocks (Tortugas). Had a locomotive engine aboard among other assorted cargo. Could be a valuable find. 8135.44 5 18.
- MALVINA CEZARD: ship, lost August 15, 1861 on Pine Key Bar, with palm leaves, mahogany, and fustic aboard. 1150.14 7 658.
- MANCHESTER: ship, lost April 3, 1841 on Florida Reef. 575.77 2 381.
- MARGARET KERR: ship, lost February 22, 1865 on Crokers Reef with a cargo of sugar. 13898.59 8 629.
- MARTHA GILCHRIST: bark, lost December 19, 1858 on North Key, Dry Tortugas, with a load of bricks. 225.75 6 227.
- CLARENDON: ship, lost May 9, 1858 at Double Head Shot Keys with a cargo of sugar. 1591.14 6 88.
- CLAUDINE: brigantine, lost March 23, 1841 on Florida Reef. 351.21 2 378.
- MARINER: ship, lost March 12, 1856 on French Reef, with a cargo of salt. 3651.36 5 503.
- MARS: brigantine, lost February 25, 1851 on Dry Rocks, with a cargo of molasses. 1010.03 4 493.
- COLUMBIA: schooner, lost October 20, 1841 at Crayfish Key, Key West, with assorted cargo aboard. Bound from Boston to Mobile. Could be a valuable salvage. 2556.83 3 7.
- CONCORIDIA: ship, lost November 24, 1855 at Key Vacas. 190.00 5 388
- CONSERVATIVE: brigantine, lost November 26, 1844 on Long Key Reef with cotton and tallow aboard. 6278.69 3 209.
- MARY COE: bark, lost November 4, 1859, 77 miles north of Cape Florida (Key Biscayne) with 1172 bales of cotton. 6583.84 6 432.
- MARY E. RIGGS: ship, lost April 22, 1879 on French Reef with cotton aboard. 44371.07 12 649.
- MARY HALE: ship, lost January 11, 1856, on Kay Sal Banks with cotton, corn, and rosin aboard. 12857.97 5 456.
- MARY HOWLAND: ship, lost October 11, 1839 on Delta Shoals, from New York to New Orleans with assorted cargo aboard. Could be a valuable salvage if found. 9860.55 2 301.
- MARYLAND: ship, lost December 11, 1849 on Washerwoman Shoals, bound from Baltimore to New Orleans with assorted cargo. Could be a valuable if found. 18468.00 4 350.
- CORNWALL: bark, lost November 30, 1873 on Ajax Reef with mahogany, logwood, and coconuts aboard. 2474.79 11 547. (N25° 24.69 W80° 07.61)
- CORO NELLY: lost June 16, 1840 with coffee and sugar aboard. 15600.00 2 331.
- CROWN: ship, lost January 22, 1857 on Ajax Reef with cotton, corn, and wheat aboard. 23050.00 5 666 (N25° 24.69 W80° 07.61)
- MATTHEW VAN BREE: bark, lost July 2, 1852 on Alligator Reef, with a cargo of sugar. 7235.78 4 581.
- MENEMON SANFORD: steamer, lost December 10, 1862 on Carysfort Reef. Bound from New York to Ship's Island with Federal troops and Quartermaster's stores. Might be worth a fortune if found with stores intact. 1753.00 8 29. (N25° 13.30 W80° 12.70)
- MERCHANT: schooner, lost November 28, 1851 on Pacific Reef with U.S. mail, rice, and $8,000.00 aboard. The numismatic value of $8000.00 in pre-1852 coins (some or all could well be gold) could be a fortune to some lucky diver. 827.94 4 540. (N25° 22.30 W80° 08.50)
- CUSHNOC: brigantine, lost June 2, 1853 NW of Cape Florida with sugar aboard. 943.22 5 48.
- CYRUS BUTLER: brigantine, lost August 11, 1837 at Hillsboro Inlet with cotton aboard. 3465.53 2 56.
- DAHLIA: bark, lost May 11, 1865 on Pickles Reef with Jamaican rum, ginger, hides, and pimento aboard. 3210.96 8 694.
- MERRI ENGLAND: bark, lost January 16, 1878 on French Reef with a load of Mahogany. 239.50 12 464.
- MINI: bark, lost January 29, 1859 on Pickles Reef with a load of cotton. 13420.00 6 272.
- DIRECTOR: bark, lost March 21, 1862 on Carysfort Reef with a cargo of sugar, ginger, and beeswax aboard. 3128.00 7 798. (N25° 13.30 W80.12.70)
- MISSISSIPPI: lost April 21, 1874 on Fowey Rocks. Bound from Liverpool to New Orleans with assorted cargo aboard. Could be a valuable find. 3114.74 11 595. (N25° 35.45 W80° 05.80)
- MORGA: brigantine, lost October 24, 1865, with flour and sardines aboard. 4088.27 10 26.
- MULHOUSE: ship, lost March 27, 1859 at the Quicksands (Marquesas Keys) with cotton and specie (coins) aboard. This one is worth finding! 27849.91 6 307.
- DWIGHT: schooner, lost December 13, 1865, on Eastern Dry Rocks with mahogany and hides aboard. 1638.55 10 164.
- E.G. WILLARD: schooner, lost March 9, 1853 on Long Key with bacon, hams, beef, and pork aboard. 5530.84 5 1.
- E.J. WATTE: schooner, lost June 7, 1886 on Little Pelican Shoals with a load of railroad iron. 10948.36 13 667.
- N.M. TERRY: brigantine, lost November 7, 1864 on French Reef with coal aboard. 1864.66 8 504.
- NADA: bark, lost September 26 1894 on Long Key with flour and staves aboard. 2694.00 18 27.
- NANCY W. STEVENS: ship, lost September 12, 1849, at Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas, with assorted cargo aboard. Could be valuable. 13761.00 4 336.
- NATHAN HANNAU: ship, lost March 2, 1859 on Brewster Reef with a cargo of ice, furniture, and shoes aboard. 1801.59 6 284.
- NATHANIEL KEMBALL: ship, lost January 17, 1853 on Eastern Dry Rocks with 2550 bales of cotton. 19657.57 4 670.
NORTHWEST FLORIDA SHIPWRECKS:
- ENGLISH NAVY COVE - is where the English careened ships for bottom cleaning during their short occupation of Florida, and in the process they lost at least three here. Two 1700's era hulls are beginning to expose themselves in the bay. In Gulf Breeze, Shoreline Road takes you past Shoreline Park and the first road to the left (South) dead ends in the center of English Navy Cove. There is an unknown wreck site just below East Point, almost on shore, at N30° 21.56 W87° 11.30.
- FORT PICKENS WRECK - (N30° 19.12 W87° 14.28) is almost on the Santa Rosa beach, just West of the Pensacola beach.
- AUDITORIUM WRECK - (N30° 24.13 W87° 13.15) is almost due W. of the Pensacola Municipal Auditorium, at the end of the railroad wharf. This is probably a historic wreck, due to the fact it has a ballast pile associated with it, and it is at the foot of Old Pensacola's Historic District. The Auditorium is at the foot of Palafox Street (US 29S.).
- PENSACOLA BEACH WRECK -- (N30° 20.003 W87° 07.378) is roughly off the end of Avenida 13 Street in 15 feet of water. The wreck is rock ballast, so it is probably not an English war vessel, as they used iron ballast.
- BRASS WRECK - (N30° 12.25 W87° 04.10) is so named after the brass pins used to hold her planking to the ribs. Divers have broken off many of these, but this is still a largely unexplored wreck, and due to the depth of the water (90ft.) it is doubtful a thorough salvage was done when she sank, if at all. The wreck sits on sand; use your depth finder to spot the large ballast mound and anchor over the site. There is a good chance this ship is the BRIDE OF LORNE, 1,324 tons, with a cargo of timber, under Captain Matson. She is listed in Steven Singer's Shipwrecks of Florida as sinking very near this site, April 8, 1887. Ned DeLoach's Diving Guide to Underwater Florida gives a TD of 13365.7 47085.0 which is slightly different from my Lat./Long., but the wreck is so large I believe either one will put you onto it, but probably at opposite ends.
- FOX - (N29° 44.30 W84° 38.35) is a British naval schooner, 18 guns 150 tons, that sank SE of the modern day East Pass bell buoy to St. George's Sound. This shipwreck is probably worth an extensive search, but is undoubtedly covered with sand. A depth sounder, with its white-line recorder in on position, may show ballast beneath the sand, and if not, a magnetometer will be needed. Good luck, this could be a very rich site!
- HATTIE G. McFARLAND - (N30° 19.30 W87° 18.80) a 546 ton bark sank Feb. 6, 1891 in ballast, quite near the wreck of the MISS JENNY (13248.8 47006.5) a modern 55' boat. Use the Miss Jenny as your anchor point to find the wreck. Ships of that time that sank "in ballast" typically had hard money aboard to buy cargo!
- UNKNOWN WRECKS! - are unknown wrecks from the NOAA surveys of 1982. (N30° 08.25 W85° 37.59) is located at the SW end of the old railroad wharf, at the end of East Avenue in Springfield. Almost directly N. of this wreck, across the railroad tracks in the branch of the bay that becomes Watson Bayou, is another wreck at (N30° 08.43 W85° 37.54).
- UNKNOWN WRECK - (N30° 19.12 W87° 14.28) is in the surf-line off Santa Rosa Island and is a beach dive.
SOUTHWEST FLORIDA WRECKS:
BAJA CALIFORNIA -- (N25° 21.38 W82° 31.96) was a Norwegian 1,648 ton freighter built in 1914 and carrying war materials when torpedoed by U-84 roughly 60 miles off the Naples inlet. The ship was out of New Orleans, bound for Guatemala when sunk. This wreck is now a popular dive destination for charter boats operating out of Naples. Depth at site: 115 ft.
STONEY POINT -- (N26° 10.11 W82° 54.61) this is the site of the former Hudson River ferry that was scuttled in 1968. Now a popular site for diving. The secret here is to metal detect the floor around the vessel for finds.
FANTASTICO -- (N26° 03.10 W82° 57.42) was the 200 ft. Honduran freighter sunk in the March 19, 1993 "Storm of the Century" that inundated the west coast of Florida with a tidal wave of water. Many people lost their lives and property to this storm, much being washed into the tidal areas along the coastline from Cedar Keys south to Naples.
NAPLES SPRING -- (N25° 50.45 W82° 09.21) is a possible Paleo site, since artifacts have been found all the way out to the Florida Middle Grounds. This freshwater spring in the Gulf is 80 feet across, 220 feet deep, with the bowl dropping away from the sea floor at the 70 ft. depth level.
BAYRONTO -- (N26° 45.80 W82° 50.84) this British steamer was abandoned during a hurricane Sept. 11, 1919 and offers the real possibility of treasure being aboard. Although no passengers were lost, the ship was abandoned suddenly, and nothing of consequence was saved.
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